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There has been a lot of recent discussion of fibrin sheaths and SVC clot.
Therefore I thought that people might like to see some examples:
Image 1 "svc Clot" is a clot at the end of a fibrin sheath. The catheter has been removed already.
Image 2 "post pta" is after I have mascerated the clot by angioplasty with a 14 mm balloon. Because of the small residual clot I have recommended that the patient be anticoagulated for a couple of months.
Image 3 is of a double fibrin sheath from a twin cath system. Please note that the catheter has been withdrawn to the top of the clavicle and what looks like two catheter lumens are just the sheaths.
Image 4 "retrograde filing" is fascinating. The IJ has been separately punctured low in the neck (see the micropuncture dilator to the left of the sheath) and the injection of contrast is through this. A Tessio lumen has been withdrawn to the level of the upper neck (the other lumen fell out which is why the referral and I replaced them both with a
SchonCath placed lower in the IJ). The sheath between the Innominate and the catheter lumen is filling retrograde from the innominate vein. Thus you clearly see the junction of the sheath with the innominate, and the sheath with the partially withdrawn Tessio lumen.
I hope that these are interesting and helpful.
Donald Schon, MD, FACP
LifeLine Vascular Lab
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